last decade of the 14th century (ca. 1395-1399) England or France
London, National Gallery
Walters Art Museum, Ms. W.593, f.182b (‘A sea-horse with large wings’). Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad al-Ṭūsī, Wonders of Creation. Turkey, 10th century AH / 16th CE.
Walters Art Museum, W.174, detail of f. 168v. Missal of Eberhard von Greiffenklau. 2nd quarter of the 15th century.
My local museum.
A number of secular performances staged in the Middle Ages, the earliest of which is The Play of the Greenwood by Adam de la Halle in 1276. It contains satirical scenes and folk material such as faeries and other supernatural occurrences.
image: Dance of the Wodehouses, XV century
Last one for today. This is a beauty.
This manuscript unites two different collections of Italian poetry: a collection of 380 poems by Petrarch and a collection of works by the preceding generation of poets, especially Dante. In this mysterious “libro de la mia Comare” (Book of my Godmother), the poems of Petrarch are recorded in an archaic script, augmented here and there with individual glosses which are not found elsewhere, apparently in an effort to introduce these texts to a female readership.
Late 14th C. Cod. Bodmer 131
Another from Prophecies de Merlin. More interesting things going on in the margins.
Prophecies de Merlin in prose. Some interesting things going on in the margins.
Early 14th C. Cod. Bodmer 116
Commentary on the Tree of Consanguinity, a text usually transmitted in juridical works, augmented here by an illustration of such a tree.
Latin Bible, 13th C. Cod. Bodmer 28
I’ve been on quite a pretzel binge lately… An illustration from the 12th century Hortus deliciarum from Alsace may be the earliest depiction of a pretzel, shown at a banquet with Queen Esther and King Ahasuerus.
Mohammed (center) with Dante and Virgil (left); a devil threatening the sowers of discord (right).
Inferno, Canto XXVIII. MS. Holkham misc. 48
Man with one leg ending in giant foot (sciapode), lying on his back, protecting himself from the sun with his large foot.
12th C. MS. Bodl. 614